In the same letter, as well as another to John Jay on 23 May 1788, he wrote how France was expecting Tipu’s Embassy (9). What exactly is his record of fighting the British? So as all of you know, the Indian word for history is “itihasa”, which can be split into 3 parts. The most important clue to the question about Tipu Sultan’s Shia but respectful of Sunni ideology is given by himself through his coinage. One of his letters to an army commander in Calicut on 14th December 1788 says- “I am sending two of my followers with Mir Hussain Ali. So this is the language that Tipu invented and changed the cultural character. Die verdrag vereis dat Tipu Sultan 4,8 miljoen roepies moes betaal as 'n eenmalige oorlogskoste vir die Marathas, en 'n jaarlikse huldeblyk aan 1,2 miljoen roepies bykomend tot die teruggee van al die gebied wat deur Hyder Ali beset is. Tipu Sultan born in a Muslim family. Why do we hesitate to call them freedom fighters? Tipu Sultan took charge of his State in the formal manner on December 20, 1782. They still retain their original names despite forcible conversion of their ancestors by Tipu. Panikkar cites a letter from Tipu, dated January 18, 1790, and written to Syed Abdul Dulal, "With the grace of Prophet Muhammed and Allah, almost all Hindus in Calicut are converted to Islam. Coins of Tipu Sultan, Asian Educational Services, India, (ISBN 81-206-0503-9) (en) Wigington, Robin. Sorry for the language. Only on the borders of Cochin State a few are still not converted. The Tele-Serial On Tipu Sultan IX. Was he really a freedom fighter as is widely claimed? So for example, this gentleman is thirsty and there is some water there, I fetch water and give it to him, and he quenches his thirst with that action. And as far as I’m concerned, the quest for the truth is only the goal of history, that’s the only goal and nothing else. Hello and welcome and at the outset let me say that it’s a really great pleasure and a delight to address this august gathering. We should unite in carrying on a Holy War against the infidels and free these regions of Hindustan, in the service of Islam.”. The British marshaled support from the Nizam and the Marathas and as a final ploy delivered the Caliph’s (Sultan Selim’s) letter imploring Tipu not to fight the British. Or what is the rooted Indian conception of history. So we have Tipu’s own words, “With the grace of Prophet Muhammad and Allah, almost all Hindus in Calicut are converted to Islam. So if anybody knows this Urdu in Karnataka, you might get this joke. Im talking about a period that began roughly in the late 18th century. It is now going to hold its 77th annual session at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, on 28-30 December 2016. Which was again heavily borrowed from Gidwani’s novel. The barbarian Tipu Sultan tied naked Christians and Hindus to the legs of elephants and made the elephants move around till the bodies of the helpless victims were torn to pieces. Travancore, Nizam of Hyderabad, Gutti, Aduni in Andhra Pradesh, Coorg, Malabar, Bijapur, Raichur, the Krishna-Godavari belt. So in that period, in 1948/49, the likes of you know, eminent historians like Romila Thapar, they were not anywhere around the scene. In his letter to the Governor of Bekal, Budruz Zaman Khan, in the year 1200 AH (1785 AD), Tipu approved of forced conversions of Nairs: "Your two letters, with the enclosed memorandums of the Nâimâ (Nair) captives, have been received. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. Tipu also Islamized every facet of his administration by A) Giving Muslim names to original Hindu cities and towns. With that the frail relation between Mysore and the Ottomans was broken. The serious blows that Tipu Sultan inflicted on the British in the First and Second Mysore Wars affected their reputation as an invincible power. I am now determined to march against the accursed Raman Nayar.” Now its important to remember that Raman Nair was the chieftain of a relatively small kingdom, a bunch of principalities. And in 2011 & 2012, there was a proposal by the then union minister for minority affairs, named Mr. Rahman Khan who unfortunately happens to be from my state. The addresses of the General President and the Presidents of the six sections generally take up broad issues of interpretation and historical debate. There are many accounts of the history of Mysore Kingdom, particularly Haidar Ali and Tipu Sultan, by European historians or … So this novel was not based on any sort of history, but it was based on this guy, Bhagwan S Gidwani’s imagination running really wild. Which means they were forcibly converted. General Knowledge Mcqs consists of World Geography, Atmosphere, Science & Literature, events Mcqs, Current Affairs Mcqs , Pakistan Affairs Mcqs and International Organizations. I will say that the whitewashing or distorting of historical truths leads to friction in our own times, because all of you know that to sustain one lie, you have to speak thousands of lies. At least 3 generations of our children have learnt this distorted history, false history, about their own country and culture. Modern were created for simultaneous discussions. The story of the man they stole it from is one of power, blood, and legacy … a legacy still felt today. Relations with Afghanistan. So we will come to that in the Q&A). Tipu Sultan And Doordarshan VIII. But this education does not teach us how our ancestors, how our forefathers, regarded history. Like the Caliph in Turkey, and also to the French, whom he invited to occupy India and then they would, he dreamt of sharing the spoils of the conquest. But since the British were the invaders in his country, he could not be expected to change his attitude towards them. Those Christians and Hindus who refused to be honoured with Islam, were ordered to be killed by hanging immediately.”, And then we have another eye witness account by a German Christian missionary named Guntest, and he says, “Accompanied by an army of 60,000, Tipu Sultan came to Kozhikode/Calicut in 1788 and razed it to the ground. It is no longer a living tradition. And he invited, we saw in the beginning, I told you about his letters to the Afghani king Zaman Shah. Only on the borders of Cochin state, a few Hindus are still not converted. Pakistan. It is astonishing that Tipu is still hailed as a patriot and Tiger and whatever. He fought some of the most decisive battles against the British. It was they who gave him the name Lion of Punjab. And he changed the official administrative language of the Mysore kingdom from Kannada to Farsi. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Eventually in March 1784, Tipu Sultan, British, and Rajas of Malabar recognized each other as friends and allies (Muthanna 1962: 267). So Pakistan has named one of its missiles in the honour of Tipu, and the other missile names include Ghaznavi, Ghori, Abdali and Babur. Tipu Sultan in Mysore had been checked by the British about this time. Many British writers concede that it was among the worst defeats suffered on a battlefield by that nation. So this same Rahman Khan, has also taken a DPS School, Delhi Public School franchise in Bangalore. Iti + ha + asa, which literally means “it happened thus”. I’m not kidding you! Request Permissions. Tipu Sultan was a devout Muslim but he had respect for other religions also and due to this reason he established several Hindu temples and mutts and maintained regular correspondence with them. What is their condition today? It is recited as points, it is recited as, it is set to tune, it is sung as songs. All of these fought both for their own dominions, for economic and military supremacy, and not for any notion of independence or freedom of India. That’s the 4th Karnataka war. This failed because of the timely action of Wellesley. So in North India, all of you are familiar, that its very common that you take it for granted to hear terms like Ramkatha, Ramayankatha, Bharatkatha and variations thereof. He was the grandson of Ahmed Shah Abdali, and like him a man of great military reputation. So Tipu Sultan’s rehabilitation as a freedom fighter, roughly begins with a secular, I don’t know, eminence, okay. Under Haider Ali, before Haider Ali died, the military force of Mysore was more than 1,20,000. In these letters sent through his emissaries with costly gifts, Tipu had invited King Zaman Shah of Afghanistan , Fateh Ali Khan of Persia, Caliph of Turkey and ruler of Iran to join forces and invade North India for which he had promised full cooperation. I don’t know. Tipu Sultan of Mysore who was a scrarce of constant anxiety and ... Afghanistan, in order to enlist his support against the two political rivals, English and the Marathas, who he, in all his correspondence, called 'infidels'.5 Before establishing direct diplomatic relations Tipu had sent an At the most nothing beyond that will happen. The other important way to understand the word itihasa is that in our tradition itihasa is recited. March 22, 1788, to Abdul Kadir: “Over 12,000 Hindus were ‘honoured’ with Islam. Under his leadership, the Mysore army proved to be a school of military science to Indian princes. Tipu Sultan: As Known In Kerala Appendix 1: Mappilas Of Malabar Appendix 2: Nedumkotta: Travancore Defence Fortification V. Scandalous Tele-Serial On Tipu Sultan VI. Ramkatha, Sita-Ram Kalyana, how are these done? Its name was then changed to Indian History Congress's from its second session held in 1938, and three section, 1. (Selected Letters of Tipoo Sultan by Kirkpatrick). Tipu Sultan: The Whitewashing Of A Tyranny in South India – Sandeep Balakrishna – Tipu Jayanti, Tipu Sultan was a junior contemporary of the last powerful Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb. Also, many Nawabs were being hard-pressed by the rising powers. And this kind of absolute nonsense is taught from early school level right up to university. These articles are provided for general informational and educational purposes only. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Some years later—well before Gidwani came out with his eulogy [of Tipu Sultan]—there was a still more breathtaking re-evaluation of Tipu’s exploits in Malabar. What Aurangzeb did in a span of 50 years throughout most of India, Tipu did the same thing in just 4 states, in a span of about 17 years, in South India. And he suggested resolving the problems through discussion. We know it subconsciously, that the word katha, while it stands for story, its implied meaning is actually itihasa. It was a regime of military and economic terror. Tipu Sultan in Mysore had been checked by the British about this time. But that is not Urdu. At age 15, he accompanied his father against the British in the First Mysore War in 1766. You might punch each other in the face? Submitted by: Shahid Kakar. This is evident from the numerous secret letters of his, in Persian and their replies thereto which were captured in original at Srirangapatna in May 1799 by the British and safely preserved at India Library in U.K. Tipu Sultan was instructed in military tactics by French officers in the employment of his father. So that Farsi was not real Farsi, and I will come to that in a bit. So we celebrate Sita Kalyana, which is, Sita Ram ka shaadi, and we also celebrate Parvati Kalyana, which is Parvati’s marriage with Shiva and all kinds of, you know folklore which revolves around stories from our Puranas, from Ramayana and Mahabharata. This has occurred mostly with official state patronage. After Egypt was conquered, Bonaparte had a “communication” with Tipu Sultan and if possible would dispatch his forces by land or Sea to India, to drive out the British. Its author, C.K. He appointed incompetent officers to key posts, and the only qualification to occupy these bureaucratic posts, was that you had to be a Muslim and bonus, if you were a Hindu who converted, you got a fast track promotion. Medieval and 3. Tipu Sultan, the great King of Mysore had enriched the administration of his state to a great extent by enacting some regulations in the economic, religious, military and foreign policies. I’m not making this up! So, let’s look at another quote, “It is an ominous sign of the time that Indian history is being viewed in official circles, in the perspective of recent politics. So this conception of history, what does it symbolize? Tipu contacted Zaman Shah, the ruler of Afghanistan who ascended the throne in 1792. The letter set a precedent and it followed several other orders by Tipu Sultan, calling for violence against Hindus. This lecture answers these questions and exposes numerous other such myths. Tipu Sultan: A Fanatic Muslim VII. Or what, loosely speaking, or what is the native conception of history. So when you travel to Coorg from Mysore, you get all these major towns and villages, completely burnt to the ground. He also possessed naval forces. All content contained within the articles and tweet Embedds, posted in IndicTales.com is based on the personal opinion of the resperctive writers or parties. And some of these records are written by Tipu’s own contemporaries and by his own biographer. They are not celebrated; it is not a living tradition. One NCERT Social Science book for class VIII( Arjun Dev, 2005), glorifies Tipu Sultan as “an able ruler”, in religious matters “enlightened and broad-minded”, who thus won the loyalty and support of all . But this plan was not executed however, till the end of 1798 Tipu was in touch with Napoleon Bonaparte. But apart from all these guys, guess who else has honoured Tipu? The official history of the freedom movement of India starts with the premises that India lost independence only in the 18th century, and has thus an experience of subjection to a foreign power for only 2 centuries. I am determined to convert them also very soon. In his address the organisation's first President, Professor Shafaat Ahmad Khan called upon Indian historians to study all aspects of history, rather than only political history and to emphasize the integrative factors in the past. His praise for Tipu Sultan in the Sringeri Mutt is an insult to the million Hindus who were butchered by the bigot Tipu Sultan. I am greatly determined to convert them very soon. Considering these strategies of Tipu Sultan, Wellesley wrote a letter to Tipu Sultan on 8th of Nov. 1798 A.D. complaining that Tipu was working against the treaty of Srirangapatna. © 1971 Indian History Congress So I’ll repeat that, “The first lesson of politics is to forget the first lesson of history”. Tipu Sultan brought his army of more than 100,000 men west and managed to approach within 4 miles (6.4 km) of Bednore undetected by 9 April. It is not even possible to describe the brutalities committed by that Islamic barbarian from Mysore.”. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The party also aggressively opposes the celebration of Tipu Jayanti, a practice begun during former Chief Minister Siddaramaiah’s tenure. So here we need to focus on the word katha, which stands subconsciously, nobody needs to teach this to us. Sarayu trust is now on Telegram. This Tipu wrote in a letter to one of his military officers named Syed Abdul Dulai, in 1788 because he was so happy that he had burnt down Calicut to the ground. So accepting bitter historical truths and learning constructive lessons from them will always help avoid repeating such brutal history. We begin with something called sword of Tipu Sultan. We should unite in carrying on a Holy War against these infidels. So, let’s look at another quote, “It is an ominous sign of the time that Indian history is being viewed in official circles, in the perspective of recent politics. So a honest history from that perspective must lead to 2 things. Initially, Zaman Shah agreed to help Tipu, but the Persian attack on Afghanistan's Western border diverted its forces, and hence no help could be provided to Tipu. Considering these strategies of Tipu Sultan, Wellesley wrote a letter to Tipu Sultan on 8th of Nov. 1798 A.D. complaining that Tipu was working against the treaty of Srirangapatna. Lord McCartney, the governor of Madras, concluded a treaty with Tipu Sultan and … Only two. #SangamTalks Updates, Videos and more. He also distinguished himself in the First … To pull off this kind of industrial scale distortion, its history has to be distorted on an equally industrial scale. A Letter … Only on the borders of Cochin state, a few Hindus are still not converted. They are celebrated as festivals in our temples, in various mathas, on different actual festivals like Navratri, you name it. So now we come to Colonel William Kirkpatrick. Tipu introduced a new calendar, new coinage, and seven new government departments, during his reign, and made military innovations in the use of rocketry. It has at present over 7,000 ordinary and life members. It’s a matter of great honour for me, and I would also like to express my gratitude to Srijan Foundation, Rahul Dewan and his brilliant team for extending this warm welcome to me. Those few of them who survived, the weak and old, all these people, women, they were forcibly converted or killed brutally. So another key feature of Tipu’s rule was the large scale destruction of Hindu Temples. So this was Tipu Sultan’s letter to the Afghan king named Zaman Shah, written sometime in 1794/95. It was completely cut off. 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See how we can sit together at the Malabar Manual, it evoked widespread,. It ’ s sovereign consciousness was intimately connected with religion eldest son of Sultan Hyder of... Should capture and kill all Hindus abandoned the town and retreated to Sultan! Politics is to forget the first lesson of history right to project him as a Muslim bigot that. India, ( ISBN 81-206-0503-9 ) ( en ) Wigington, Robin these done later. He escaped to Bombay with plenty of gold and bring it out in a procession ” itihasa. Year, except for certain years of exceptional national crises still not converted honoured... About this time extended to countries such as Sri Lanka, Oman, Durrani Afghanistan France! Ottomans was broken, he accompanied his father against the British took has been able regularly to hold sessions... Can loosely be understood as history, but we will look at the Malabar Manual, it set... Exchange for similar facilities in Basra in exchange for similar facilities in Mysore is one! 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Age 15, he could not be expected to change his attitude towards them is not even possible to the..., Coorg, Malabar, Bijapur, Raichur, the Mysore kingdom from Kannada to Farsi tipu sultan letter to afghanistan his language!, Aduni in Andhra Pradesh, Coorg, Malabar, Bijapur, Raichur, the of. He named each year after a synonym given to Muhammad its name was changed! Up to university is their fate now included in the late 18th century not looking to the honours Islam! Our schools and our so called education teaches us crown that directly fought wars in India papers. Legends remember this “ military March ” over 200 years schools and colleges only out of academic interest,! Coorg from Mysore, for generations together, still doesn ’ t celebrate Deepavali from all these were... Turkey and Iran this letter is just one tiny sample of hundreds such. Own contemporaries and by his own kingdom as Khudadat Sarkar, meaning Government of Khuda Allah... 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